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How to buy train tickets and rail passes in Europe

Supplements for Eurail and InterRail passes

An at a glance guide to prices of supplements charged on DAY trains in Europe payable by InterRail and Eurail rail pass users.

Users of InterRail and Eurail passes have to pay additional charges, that are universally referred to as 'supplements', prior to boarding many of the fastest types of train in Europe.

These supplements are often in effect a fee for reserving a seat on a train on which reservations are compulsory, so paying a supplement guarantees a comparatively comfortable journey.

Information on how Eurail pass users can pay for supplements separately from purchasing the rail pass is available HERE under 'How Do I Pay For Supplements/Reservations if I have a rail pass.'
Information on how InterRail pass users can pay for supplements separately from purchasing the rail pass is available HERE under 'How Do I Pay For Supplements/Reservations if I have a rail pass.'

For rail pass users supplements are charged at a flat rate per journey, irrespective of distance travelled.
They therefore offer better value when travelling long distances, but will be comparatively expensive for short trips.

Eurail Day Train Supplement Prices (and alternative trains)

These are guide prices, and do not include booking fees that may be added at the booking office.

Trains in italic have limited numbers of seats available to Eurail pass holders, so book at the earliest opportunity.
You may not be able to pay a supplement if you leave booking it until a few days before your travel date (less likely to be an issue in Spain).
Check with a travel agent before you set off on your trip or visit a booking office/ticket desk at a major station as soon as you arrive in Europe
More information on booking supplements in advance here (click the 'How do I pay for supplements in advance' header)

Train Type Code 1st class 2nd class Notes
Alaris ALS €23.50*/€10 €6.50 The €10 does not inlclude the optional meal
Alleo AEO €30* €13 TGV/ICE trains that operate between Paris and Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Munich
Altaria ALT €23.50*/€10 €6.50 The €10 does not inlclude the optional meal
Alvia ALV €23.50*/€10 €6.50 The €10 does not inlclude the optional meal
Arco ARC €10 €6.50 .
Avant AVA €10 €10 .
AV AV . . Replaced by Frecciagento/Frecciarossa trains
AVE AVE €23.50* €10 .
Berlin-Warsaw Express BW €4 €4 .
EIC EIC €3.80 €3.80 fastest trains in Poland
Euro City EC* €11 €11 On EC trains between Italy and Switzerland formerly branded 'Cisalpino'
Euro City EC* €3 €3 For journeys between Czech Republic and Poland (payable in Czech Republic, Eurail passes not valid in Poland on this route.)
Euro City EC* €3 €3 For journeys to/from Hungary and Poland and within Hungary and Poland
Euro City EC* €3.50/€11 €3/€7 For journeys between Italy and Austria/Germany
Cheaper rate charged
when booking in Germany/Austria
Euromed EM €23.50*/€10 €6.50 The €10 does not inlclude the optional meal
Frecciabianca FB €10 €10 .
Frecciargento FA €10 €10 .
Frecciarossa FR €10 €10 .
FYRA FYRA €6 €4 prices above are for international journeys
IC (Czech Republic) IC €3 €3 .
IC* (France) IC* €9 €9 not charged on all IC trains in France
IC (Greece) IC €7.80-21.80 €5.70-16.20 price depends on distance
IC (Hungary) IC €2 €2 On IC trains in Hungary
IC (Italy) IC €3 €3 Compulsotry according to Treniatia
IC (Norway) IC X €6.30 On IC trains in Norway 1st class pass holders don't have to pay supplements to travel in 'Komfort Class. 2nd class pass holders can travel 'Komfort' class if they pay a supplement of €11.40
IC (Stockholm-Oslo) IC €3 €3 .
IC (Poland) IC €3 €3 .
ICE (Sprinter) ICE-S €16.50* €11.50 Not charged on ordinary ICE trains
Lyria TGVL €9 from €25* The only direct trains between Paris and Switzerland
Media Distancia MD €4 €4 Can be paid on the train at a higher rate
R-598 R598 €4 €4 Can be paid on the train at a higher rate
Railjet RJ €3 €3 Required when travelling TO/FROM HUNGARY ONLY
Super City SC €7* €7 .
Talgo du Jour T2000 €43* €18
Talgo TLG €10 €6.50 .
TGV (within France) TGV €9 €9 .
TGV
(to/from Luxembourg)
TGV €3 €3 .
TGV (France - Italy) TGVFI €55 €75 These prices are the equivalent of the cheapest advance fare
TGV-Reseau
(between Brussels and France)
TGVR €5 €5 .
Thalys THA from €60 from €37 Thalys supplements are the equivalent of cheapest advance tickets and vary according to distance
Snabbtag Sn €17* €7 .

On these trains seat reservation is compulsory and the supplement includes the seat reservation fee.
On supplements marked (*) the supplement includes a meal a drink (approximately equivalent to the meals served on airlines to business class passengers).
On Lyria trains served only to passengers making international journeys

Supplements are not payable on many EC trains, but EC trains on which supplements are charged are marked on therebytrain.com as EC*.
For details of prices/special fares that are payable by Eurail pass holders on overnight trains see the therebytrain.com overnight train guide.

HOW TO AVOID PAYING SUPPLEMENTS/(HIGHER FARES)
Alaris (ALS) and Euromed (EM) trains

From Barcelona
Take the 09:33 (2nd class only) train from Barcelona (Sants) to Valencia (Nord), arrive in Valencia at 14:12

From Valencia
The only direct train of the day, on which no supplement is charged, departs from Valenica (Nord) at 17:00 and arrives in Barcelona (Sants) at 22:08.
An earlier connection is possible by taking the 14:50 train from Valencia (Nord) to L'Aidea-Amposta, where it arrives at 17:21 (final destination of this train is Tortosa).
A train that arrives in Barcelona (Sants) station at 19:35 is scheduled to depart from L'Aidea-Amposta at 17:35
All these above trains are 2nd class only.

Alleo Trains

ThereByTrain.com's suggestions for avoiding the Alleo trains when travelling from France to Germany are on this page in the 'To Germany by Train from France section.

ThereByTrain.com's suggestions for avoiding the Alleo trains when travelling from Germany to France are on this page in the 'To France by Train from Germany section.

Altaria/Alvia and Avant Trains

These trains travel high speed lines for all or part of their journeys, alternative trains/routes that don't charge supplements are very limited.

Arco

These are the only direct long distance daytime trains on the routes on which they operate between Barcelona and north west Spain. It is not possible to travel direct in a single day by alternative trains.

AV (Frecciarosa) Trains

There's more information on how to avoid travelling by 'Frecciarosa' trains on our Italian Trains Guide.
However the alternatives on the principle routes between destinations served by AV trains are:

  • Milano – Roma = IC trains
  • Milano – Firenze* = IC trains
  • Milano – Torino = REG trains
  • Milano – Bologna = IC and REG trains
  • Venezia - Bologna = IC and REG trains
  • Venezia - Firenze* = IC trains
  • Venezia - Roma = IC trains
  • Roma - Firenze* = IC and REG trains
  • Roma - Bologna = IC trains
  • Roma - Napoli = IC and REG and 'local' trains
  • Roma – Reggio di Calabria = IC trains
  • Roma – Bari = IC trains
  • Verona - Bologna = REG and local trains
  • Firenze - Bologna = IC trains

*=AV trains call Florence/Firenze (S.M.N.), the most convenient station for the city centre, IC trains call at Firenze (Riredi) station from where travellers have to transfer to/from local trains to Florence/Firenze (S.M.N.)

AVE Trains

Usually there is no viable alternative to taking the AVE trains on the routes on which they operate, but it is now possible to avoid the supplement when travelling in either direction between Madrid and Barcelona.

Details of how to do this are available on our news page.

Berlin-Warsaw Express

There is no feasible alternative to the BW trains when travelling in either direction between Berlin and Warsaw/Warszawa by train.

EC trains from Italy TO Switzerland

From Milan to Basel, (Lucerne) and Zurich

Rail pass users have three options for avoiding the supplements on the EC trains betweeen these cites:

Option 1 -
Train 1: take an hourly 'local' trains from Porta Garibaldi station in Milan/Milano to Chiasso
Train 2: take one of the frequent 'local' trains from Chiasso across the border to Bellinzona
Train 3: take an ICN or IR train from Bellinzona to Basel, Lucerne or Zurich. (it may be quicker to change trains again at Arth-Goldau when travelling to Basel and Lucerne.

Option 2 -
Train 1: take a REG or 'local' train from Porta Garibaldi or Centrale stations in Milan/Milano to Domodossola
Train 2: take a the F.A.R.T train on the highly scenic Swiss Tourist Railways route from Domodossola to Locarno
Train 3: Take a train from Locarno to Basel, Lucerne or Zurich.

Option 3 -
Train 1: take the train from Centrale station in Milan/Milano to Tirano (FS) station (confirm departure times before heading to the station, this is not a frequent service).
Train 2: Transfer to the Rhb station in Tirano and take the Rhb on the stunning 'Bernina' route to St Moritz
Train 3: Take another Rhb train from St Moritz to Chur on the stunning Albula Route.
Train 4: There are a minimum of two trains per hour from Chur to Zurich hb.
Train 5:Take a train from Zurich to Basel (you will have needed to have travelled by the first train of the day from Milan to Tirano)
Train 5:The train from Chur to Zurich will call at Thalwill, change at Thalwill for Lucerne (you will have needed to have travelled by the first train of the day from Milan to Tirano)

From Milan to Berne, Geneva, Montreux and Lausanne

Train 1: take a REG or train from Porta Garibaldi or Centrale station in Milan/Milano to Domodossola
Train 2: Take one of the infrequent 'local' trains across the border from Domodossola to Brig/Brigue
Train 3: Take a train from Brig/Brigue to Berne, Geneva, Montreux or Lausanne.

Look up your connections before setting off from Milan, the 'local trains' across the border from Italy to Switzerland operate to an irregular timetable, there are gaps of more than two hours between trains.

More information on all the above options is available on our Trains to Switzerland guide, click the 'To Switzerland by train from Italy' header.

EC trains from Switzerland to Italy

From Basel, (Lucerne) to Milan

Rail pass users have three options for avoiding the supplements on the EC trains between these cites:

Option 1 -
Train 1: take an ICN or IR train to Bellinzona from Basel, Lucerne or Zurich. (it may be quicker to change trains again at Arth-Goldau when travelling from Basel and Lucerne.
Train 2: take one of the frequent 'local' trains from Bellinzona across the border to Chiasso
Train 3: take an hourly 'local' train to Porta Garibaldi station in Milan/Milano from Chiasso

Option 2 -
Train 1: Take a train to Locarno from Basel, Lucerne or Zurich
Train 2: take a the F.A.R.T train on the highly scenic Swiss Tourist Railways route from Locarno to Domodossola
Train 3:take a REG or'local' train to Porta Garibaldi or Centrale stations in Milan/Milano from Domodossola

Option 3 -
(Train 1:) FROM LUCERNE take the train to Thalwill
(Train 1:) FROM BASEL take the train to Zurich
Train 1: Take a train from Zurich or Thalwill to Chur
Train 2: Take the Rhb on the stunning 'Albula' route to St Moritz
Train 3:Take another Rhb train from St Moritz to Tirano on the equally incredible 'Bernina Route'
Train 4:Transfer to the FS station in Tirano and take a train to Milan/Milano (Centrale) station.

From Berne, Geneva, Montreux and Lausanne to Milan

Train 1: Take a train to Brig/Brigue from Berne, Geneva, Montreux or Lausanne.
Train 2: Take one of the infrequent 'local' trains across the border from Brig/Brigue to Domodossola
Train 3: Take a REG or train to Porta Garibaldi or Centrale stations in Milan/Milano from Domodossola

Look up your connections before setting off from Switzerland, the 'local trains' across the border from Switzerland to Italy operate to an irregular timetable, there are gaps of more than two hours between trains.

More information on all the above options is available on our Trains to Italy guide, click the 'To Italy by train from Switzerland' header.

EC trains from Italy to Austria (Innsbruck) and Germany (Munich)

Follow the following route:
Train 1: Take a local or REG train to Brennero from Bologna, Verona or Trento.
Train 2: Take one of the hourly local (S-Bahn) trains from Brennero to Innsbruck.
Train 3:Take one of the regional trains that operate every two hours from Innsbruck to Munich/Munchen hbf via Garmisch

More information the above option is available on our Trains From Italy guide.

EC trains from Austria (Innsbruck) and Germany (Munich) to Italy

Follow the following route:
Train 1: Take one of the regional trains that operate every two hours from Munich/Munchen hbf to Innsbruck via Garmisch
Train 2: Take one of the hourly local (S-Bahn) trains from Innsbruck to Brennero.
Train 3:Take a local or REG train from Brennero to Bologna, Verona or Trento.

More information the above option is available on our Trains to Italy guide, click the 'To Italy by train from Austria (Innsbruck)/Germany' header.

'Eurostar Italia' (ES) trains

There's more information on how to avoid travelling by Eurostar Italia (ES) trains on 'Frecciagento routes on our Italian Trains Guide.
However the alternatives on the principle routes between destinations served by ES trains are:

  • Genoa/La Spezia – Roma = IC trains
  • Roma - Napoli = IC or REG trains
  • Roma – Regio di Calabria = IC trains
  • Roma – Bari = IC trains

'Frecciabianca FB trains

There's more information on how to avoid travelling by Frecciabianca trains on 'Frecciagento routes on our Italian Trains Guide.
However the alternatives on the principle routes between destinations served by FB trains are:

  • Milano – Verona = REG and 'local trains
  • Milano – Torino = REG trains
  • Milano – Bologna = IC or REG trains
  • Genoa/ La Spezia – Roma = IC trains
  • Pisa – Roma = IC trains
  • Venezia – Verona = REG or Local trains
  • Bari - Bologna = IC trains

Lyria (TGVL) trains

For our tips on how to avoid supplements on Lyria TGVL trains between Paris and Switzerland take a look at our tips for Eurail pass users.
Click the header titled 'Can I get on any train if I have a rail pass' and scroll down for the avoiding Lyria train information.

TGV trains

Our guide to avoiding TGV trains when travelling to/from Paris by train is included in our unique Eurail Pass guide, click the 'Travelling to/from Paris' header.

TGVFI trains

Our guide for the multiple options for avoiding TGVFI trains when travelling between France and Italy by train is included in our unique Eurail Pass guide, click the 'Travelling Between France and Italy' header.

Thalys (THA) trains

Our suggestions for avoiding Thalys trains when travelling between Paris and Amsterdam by train is included in our Popular Routes guide, click the 'Paris-Amsterdam and Amsterdam - Paris by train' header.

Our suggestions for avoiding Thalys trains when travelling between Paris and Brussels by train is included in our Trains to Belgium guide, click the 'To Belgium by train from France (Paris)' header.

InterRail Day Train Supplement Prices (and alternative routes)

These are guide prices, and do not include booking fees that may be added at the booking office.

Trains in italic have limited numbers of seats available to InterRail pass holders, so book at the earliest opportunity.
You may not be able to pay a supplement if you leave booking it until a few days before your travel date (less likely to be an issue in Spain).
Check with a travel agent before setting off on your trip or visit the booking office at a major station (that sells international train tickets) at the earliest opportunity.
More information on booking supplements in advance here (click the How do I pay for supplements in advance title)

Train Type Code 1st class 2nd
class
Notes
Alaris ALS €23.50 €6.50 .
Alleo AEO €30* €13 ICE/TGV trains between Paris and Frankfurt, Stuttgart and Munich
Altaria ALT €23.50 €6.50
Alvia ALV €23.50 €6.50
Arco ARC €10 €6.50 .
Avant AVA €6.50 €6.50 .
AV AV . . Replaced by Frecciagento and Frecciarossa
AVE AVE €23.50* €10
Berlin-Warsaw Express BW from €4 from €4 .
EIC EIC €3 Fastest trains in Poland
Euro City EC €11 €11 On EC trains between Italy and Switzerland formerly branded 'Cisalpino'
Euro City EC* €3 €3 For journeys between Czech Republic and Poland
Euro City EC €3 €3
Euro City EC* €3.50/€11 €3/€7 For journeys between Italy and Austria/Germany
Cheaper rate charged
when booking in Germany/Austria
Euromed EM €23.50 €6.50 .
Frecciabianca FB €10 €10 .
Frecciagento FA €10 €10 .
Frecciarossa FA €10 €10 .
FYRA FYRA €6 €4 prices above are for international journeys
IC (Czech Republic) IC €3 €3 .
IC* (France) IC* €6 €6 not compulsory on all French IC trains
IC (Greece) IC €11.30 - £28.30 €11.90 - $35 price depends on distance
IC (Hungary) IC €2 €2 On IC trains in Hungary
IC (Italy) IC €3 €3 Compulsotry according to Treniatia
IC (Norway) IC X €6.3 On IC trains in Norway 1st class pass holders don't have to pay supplements to travel in 'Komfort Class. 2nd class pass holders can travel 'Komfort' class if they pay a supplement of €11.4
IC (Stockholm-Oslo) IC €3 €3 .
IC (Poland) IC €3 €3 .
ICE (Sprinter) ICE-S €11.5* €1 .
Lyria TGVL €9 from €25* The only direct trains between Paris and Switzerland
Media Distancia MD €4 €4 Can be paid on the train at a higher rate
R-598 R598 €4 €4 Can be paid on the train at a higher rate
Railjet RJ €3 €3 Required when travelling TO/FROM HUNGARY ONLY
Super City SC €7* €7 .
Talgo 2000 T2000 €43 €18 1st class includes meal in restaurant car
Talgo TLG €10 €6.50 .
TGV (within France) TGV €6 or €18 €6 or €18 €6 supplements are limited and may sell out in advance. Book as early as possible
TGV France-Italy TGVFI €55 €75 These prices are the equivalent of the cheapest advance fare
TGV
(to/from Luxembourg)
TGV €3 €3 .
TGV-Reseau
(between Brussels and France)
TGVR €5 €5 .
Thalys THA from €60 from €37 Thalys supplements are the equivalent of cheapest advance tickets and vary according to distance
Snabbtag Sn €17* €7 .

On these trains seat reservation is compulsory and the supplement includes the seat reservation fee.
On supplements marked (*) the supplement includes a meal a drink (approximately equivalent to the meals served on airlines to business class passengers)
On Lyria trains served only to passengers making international journeys.

Supplements are not payable on the majority of EC trains, now includes the EC trains on the Germany - Austria - Italy route, but EC trains on which supplements are charged are marked on therebytrain.com as EC*.
For details of prices/special fares that are payable by InterRail pass holders on overnight trains see the therebytrain.com overnight train guide.

HOW TO AVOID PAYING SUPPLEMENTS/(HIGHER FARES)
Alaris (ALS) and Euromed (EM) trains

From Barcelona
Take the 09:33 (2nd class only) train from Barcelona (Sants) to Valencia (Nord), arrive in Valencia at 14:12

From Valencia
The only direct train of the day, on which no supplement is charged, departs from Valenica (Nord) at 17:00 and arrives in Barcelona (Sants) at 22:08.
An earlier connection is possible by taking the 14:50 train from Valencia (Nord) to L'Aidea-Amposta, where it arrives at 17:21 (final destination of this train is Tortosa).
A train that arrives in Barcelona (Sants) station at 19:35 is scheduled to depart from L'Aidea-Amposta at 17:35
All these above trains are 2nd class only.

Alleo Trains

ThereByTrain.com's suggestions for avoiding the Alleo trains when travelling from France to Germany are on this page in the 'To Germany by Train from France section.

ThereByTrain.com's suggestions for avoiding the Alleo trains when travelling from Germany to France are on this page in the 'To France by Train from Germany section.

Altaria/Alvia and Avant Trains

These trains travel high speed lines for all or part of their journeys, alternative trains/routes that don't charge supplements are very limited.

Arco

These are the only direct long distance daytime trains on the routes on which they operate between Barcelona and north west Spain. It is not possible to travel direct in a single day by alternative trains.

Frecciarossa/Frecciagento Trains

There's more information on how to avoid travelling by Frecciagento/Frecciarossa' trains on our Italian Trains Guide.
However the alternatives on the principle routes between destinations served by AV trains are:

  • Milano – Roma = IC trains
  • Milano – Firenze* = IC trains
  • Milano – Torino = REG trains
  • Milano – Bologna = IC and REG trains
  • Venezia - Bologna = IC and REG trains
  • Venezia - Firenze* = IC trains
  • Venezia - Roma = IC trains
  • Roma - Firenze* = IC and REG trains
  • Roma - Bologna = IC trains
  • Roma - Napoli = IC and REG and 'local' trains
  • Roma – Reggio di Calabria = IC trains
  • Roma – Bari = IC trains
  • Verona - Bologna = REG and local trains
  • Firenze - Bologna = IC trains

*=AV trains call Florence/Firenze (S.M.N.), the most convenient station for the city centre, IC trains call at Firenze (Riredi) station from where travellers have to transfer to/from local trains to Florence/Firenze (S.M.N.)

AVE Trains

Usually there is no viable alternative to taking the AVE trains on the routes on which they operate, but it is now possible to avoid the supplement when travelling in either direction between Madrid and Barcelona.

Details of how to do this are available on our news page.

Berlin-Warsaw Express

There is no feasible alternative to the BW trains when travelling in either direction between Berlin and Warsaw/Warszawa by train.

EC trains from Italy TO Switzerland

From Milan to Basel, (Lucerne) and Zurich

Rail pass users have three options for avoiding the supplements on the EC trains betweeen these cites:

Option 1 -
Train 1: take an hourly 'local' trains from Porta Garibaldi station in Milan/Milano to Chiasso
Train 2: take one of the frequent 'local' trains from Chiasso across the border to Bellinzona
Train 3: take an ICN or IR train from Bellinzona to Basel, Lucerne or Zurich. (it may be quicker to change trains again at Arth-Goldau when travelling to Basel and Lucerne.

Option 2 -
Train 1: take a REG or 'local' train from Porta Garibaldi or Centrale stations in Milan/Milano to Domodossola
Train 2: take a the F.A.R.T train on the highly scenic Swiss Tourist Railways route from Domodossola to Locarno
Train 3: Take a train from Locarno to Basel, Lucerne or Zurich.

Option 3 -
Train 1: take the train from Centrale station in Milan/Milano to Tirano (FS) station (confirm departure times before heading to the station, this is not a frequent service).
Train 2: Transfer to the Rhb station in Tirano and take the Rhb on the stunning 'Bernina' route to St Moritz
Train 3: Take another Rhb train from St Moritz to Chur on the stunning Albula Route.
Train 4: There are a minimum of two trains per hour from Chur to Zurich hb.
Train 5:Take a train from Zurich to Basel (you will have needed to have travelled by the first train of the day from Milan to Tirano)
Train 5:The train from Chur to Zurich will call at Thalwill, change at Thalwill for Lucerne (you will have needed to have travelled by the first train of the day from Milan to Tirano)

From Milan to Berne, Geneva, Montreux and Lausanne

Train 1: take a REG or train from Porta Garibaldi or Centrale station in Milan/Milano to Domodossola
Train 2: Take one of the infrequent 'local' trains across the border from Domodossola to Brig/Brigue
Train 3: Take a train from Brig/Brigue to Berne, Geneva, Montreux or Lausanne.

Look up your connections before setting off from Milan, the 'local trains' across the border from Italy to Switzerland operate to an irregular timetable, there are gaps of more than two hours between trains.

More information on all the above options is available on our Trains to Switzerland guide, click the 'To Switzerland by train from Italy' header.

EC trains from Switzerland to Italy

From Basel, (Lucerne) to Milan

Rail pass users have three options for avoiding the supplements on the EC trains between these cites:

Option 1 -
Train 1: take an ICN or IR train to Bellinzona from Basel, Lucerne or Zurich. (it may be quicker to change trains again at Arth-Goldau when travelling from Basel and Lucerne.
Train 2: take one of the frequent 'local' trains from Bellinzona across the border to Chiasso
Train 3: take an hourly 'local' train to Porta Garibaldi station in Milan/Milano from Chiasso

Option 2 -
Train 1: Take a train to Locarno from Basel, Lucerne or Zurich
Train 2: take a the F.A.R.T train on the highly scenic Swiss Tourist Railways route from Locarno to Domodossola
Train 3:take a REG or'local' train to Porta Garibaldi or Centrale stations in Milan/Milano from Domodossola

Option 3 -
(Train 1:) FROM LUCERNE take the train to Thalwill
(Train 1:) FROM BASEL take the train to Zurich
Train 1: Take a train from Zurich or Thalwill to Chur
Train 2: Take the Rhb on the stunning 'Albula' route to St Moritz
Train 3:Take another Rhb train from St Moritz to Tirano on the equally incredible 'Bernina Route'
Train 4:Transfer to the FS station in Tirano and take a train to Milan/Milano (Centrale) station.

From Berne, Geneva, Montreux and Lausanne to Milan

Train 1: Take a train to Brig/Brigue from Berne, Geneva, Montreux or Lausanne.
Train 2: Take one of the infrequent 'local' trains across the border from Brig/Brigue to Domodossola
Train 3: Take a REG or train to Porta Garibaldi or Centrale stations in Milan/Milano from Domodossola

Look up your connections before setting off from Switzerland, the 'local trains' across the border from Switzerland to Italy operate to an irregular timetable, there are gaps of more than two hours between trains.

More information on all the above options is available on our Trains to Italy guide, click the 'To Italy by train from Switzerland' header.

EC trains from Italy to Austria (Innsbruck) and Germany (Munich)

Follow the following route:
Train 1: Take a local or REG train to Brennero from Bologna, Verona or Trento.
Train 2: Take one of the hourly local (S-Bahn) trains from Brennero to Innsbruck.
Train 3:Take one of the regional trains that operate every two hours from Innsbruck to Munich/Munchen hbf via Garmisch

More information the above option is available on our Trains From Italy guide.

EC trains from Austria (Innsbruck) and Germany (Munich) to Italy

Follow the following route:
Train 1: Take one of the regional trains that operate every two hours from Munich/Munchen hbf to Innsbruck via Garmisch
Train 2: Take one of the hourly local (S-Bahn) trains from Innsbruck to Brennero.
Train 3:Take a local or REG train from Brennero to Bologna, Verona or Trento.

More information the above option is available on our Trains to Italy guide, click the 'To Italy by train from Austria (Innsbruck)/Germany' header.

'Eurostar Italia' (ES) trains

There's more information on how to avoid travelling by Eurostar Italia (ES) trains on 'Frecciagento routes on our Italian Trains Guide.
However the alternatives on the principle routes between destinations served by ES trains are:

  • Genoa/La Spezia – Roma = IC trains
  • Roma - Napoli = IC or REG trains
  • Roma – Regio di Calabria = IC trains
  • Roma – Bari = IC trains

'Frecciabianca FB trains

There's more information on how to avoid travelling by Frecciabianca trains on 'Frecciagento routes on our Italian Trains Guide.
However the alternatives on the principle routes between destinations served by FB trains are:

  • Milano – Verona = REG and 'local trains
  • Milano – Torino = REG trains
  • Milano – Bologna = IC or REG trains
  • Genoa/ La Spezia – Roma = IC trains
  • Pisa – Roma = IC trains
  • Venezia – Verona = REG or Local trains
  • Bari - Bologna = IC trains

Lyria (TGVL) trains

For our tips on how to avoid supplements on Lyria TGVL trains between Paris and Switzerland take a look at our tips for Eurail pass users.
Click the header titled 'Can I get on any train if I have a rail pass' and scroll down for the avoiding Lyria train information.

TGV trains

Our guide to avoiding TGV trains when travelling to/from Paris by train is included in our unique Eurail Pass guide, click the 'Travelling to/from Paris' header.

TGVFI trains

Our guide for the multiple options for avoiding TGVFI trains when travelling between France and Italy by train is included in our unique Eurail Pass guide, click the 'Travelling Between France and Italy' header.

Thalys (THA) trains

Our suggestions for avoiding Thalys trains when travelling between Paris and Amsterdam by train is included in our Popular Routes guide, click the 'Paris-Amsterdam and Amsterdam - Paris by train' header.

Our suggestions for avoiding Thalys trains when travelling between Paris and Brussels by train is included in our Trains to Belgium guide, click the 'To Belgium by train from France (Paris)' header.